Animal behavior is the ways by which the animal interacts with each other, with the environment and with other living species. Animal behavior is the change in the activity in contact to stimulus or any other external or internal signals. For almost all the imaginable aspect there is animal behavior. Some of the animal behaviors are inborn and hardwired in their genes. Other behaviors are taught to them, like to hang around the kitchen at the dinnertime. The dog can also start salivating in response to the sight of food.
Signals That Activate Animal Behavior:
Through the behavior, the animal can act on the received information in the ways in which they will favor survival and reproductive success. In many cases there are some signals are external.
In hibernation the animal goes into its den, reduces the metabolic rate and during winter becomes inactive. These animals conserve their resources when the food is scarce and the conditions are harsh. Environmental signals do trigger hibernation behavior. For instance, the brown bears enter their den when the temperature comes down to 0 degrees Celsius and there is snowfall.
Estivation is just like hibernation, but the only difference is that estivation occurs during the summer months. Like the desert animals estivate in response to the dry conditions. This is the most harsh months of the year.
When the animals move from one place to another that is called migration. There are some environmental signals that trigger the autumn migration. For example, the air temperature, the length of the day and the availability of the food.
There are cases when the signals for the behavior is internal. For example the tendency to wake up and become active at around the same time of the day.
Innate And The Learned Animal Behaviour:
Innate behaviors are in the ones that people can inherit from their parents. Whereas, the behavior they will learn is not inherited. These behavior develops with the experience and the influence of the environment.
The innate behaviors take place in response to the right stimulus even if the animal has not come in contact with the stimulus. For example, when an adult salamander when put in water will swim perfectly even if it has never seen water.
The leaned behaviors depend on their experience. For example, upon pushing the lever a rat receives rewards. In order to get food the rat will quickly learn to push the lever. There are many other examples of the innate and the learned animal behavior.
When we see that the behavior is learned and is not and not inherited, means that the behavior is not inherited directly. But these still depends on the genes. For example, it is not necessary that all types of animals learn to push the lever in order to get the reward. The capacity of the art to learn depends on how the brain of the rat is wired. The genes in the rats genome determines its construction, maintenance.