Whenever we hear of the term animal training we often make up images in our mind that of a parrot show, an animal act in a circus. Those who have been trained to perform different types of acts for our entertainment. But nowadays animal training has taken a different context. Like teaching and training the animals to do different types of behavior like educational, husbandry and for many other purposes. Animals continuously gather information and respond to them. This is animal learning. Another definition is that learning is a change in the behavior of the animal which may take place due to practice.
Setting Up An Animal Training Program:
To make any training program a success you will need to plan the training and continuously giving the training program. Before starting the training program you need to first determine the overall behavior of the animal. Like which are the specific behaviors that need to be trained. You need to include all the parties that are involved in managing the animals. And this process may include meeting and getting feedback from the keepers, from the vet, managers, etc. The next step would be to layout the plans, assignments, timelines which will help to give a smooth process.
To define the roles and to create clear communication between all those who participate in the animal training program is important. You can achieve this through regular meetings, consistently documenting, and communication between all the members. Planning the animal training program also includes a guide for the trainers as to how they will shape the behavior of the animals. One way to write the plan is to know what the resultant behavior will be and then break the behavior into small steps. These small steps are termed as successive approximations.
Selecting And Shaping The Animal Behaviour In The Animal Training:
Keep in mind the following appropriate techniques and the behavior of the species:
Consider the animal’s natural history and its disposition. For example, you can ask an arboreal animal to station either off the ground or on the porch.
The history of the animal. Consider the animal’s rearing and life experiences. For example, an animal that is imprinted on humans can be trained considerably. If you catch one in the wild and have been bought as an adult.
The role of the animal in your collection. The animal could be in the collection and could be a part of the breeding or education programs. however, the training you will be need by this animal and your interaction can be different. It all depends on the function that this animal serves on your collection.
The Training Areas Of The Animals:
When you begin your training program, start it in an area that is safe both for the animal and the trainer. Usually, the holding areas or the night quarters are the areas where the trainers can safely access the animals. Since all the facility’s designs are different the trainers will have to be creative and use the space that is available.