Training Pet Rats In 5 Easy Steps To Make Them Adaptive And Responsive

training pet rats

Training pet rats is something that needs to be done from the very beginning if you want your rats to come to understand what you are asking of them. If they do not, they will not learn because their instinct is to keep the nest clean. It is their way of saying, “I’m supposed to live here, so I don’t want anything in there that smells bad.” You have to get this point across to your pet rat and reinforce this behavior with a positive response from him.

Give Training Inside The Cage

A dog with its mouth open

The most important part of training pet rats is to never let them out of their cage for any reason. This includes letting them outside to run around, even if they need to relieve themselves. When they start to do this, immediately remove the litter box from the cage and place it in the corner of the room where you wish your pet to have her own space. Do not try to force your pet rat to use the litter box, as he will never understand that it is her own room, and eventually she will start ignoring you. Instead, remove all of her toys from the room, but leave the litter box. If she starts to eliminate in the corner, then put rat poison in her cage.

Baby Food Training

A cat sitting on top of a wooden fence

When training pet rats, one of the most effective techniques is called “baby food training”. Basically, you buy baby food at the pet store, feed it to the rat in small amounts, and attach a clicking device to it. When the rat uses the clicking device to indicate when she has done what you ask of her, give her the food, and praise her. In other words, give the rat the correct command and treat her for doing it. After a while, she will associate clicking with getting food and praise and this will help her to realize that using the clicking device to indicate when she needs to use the bathroom is actually part of the ritual of raising a rat.

Give The Rat A Home

Rats, like many other rodents, are accustomed to going potty around the house. Some of us may potty train our children much more quickly than a rat because we can teach them from a very early age what the proper place to go potty is. However, you can get great results if you train your pet rat by giving her a home that is secluded from the rest of the household.

Positive Reinforcement

The idea behind clicker training is that positive reinforcement is more effective than negative reinforcement. You may not be familiar with the term, but positive reinforcement simply means giving something positive to a person, such as a pat on the back or smile. This type of treatment works better for young children because they have no memory of what they should do, whereas young rats may have a grasp of the concept. Rats that are properly introduced to positive reinforcement will respond much better to your training techniques. Of course, you must be consistent with the treats.

Rats Are Sensitive

Rats are clever, intelligent creatures, but they are also highly sensitive. If you get used to treating your pet in this manner, you might be able to easily train him. If he starts to become aggressive towards you, however, it might take some time to get used to his new treatment. The only way to know if he is truly ready for house training is to spend some quality time with him and make him feel comfortable.

Train Them To Get Used To The Environment

One important thing that all pet rats need to be trained in is getting used to their environment. Rats are used to living in cages and will avoid going to the bathroom unless there is a real threat of urine or feces being splashed on their box, toys, or food. That makes it very difficult to house train a rat because it is hard to tell when he needs to go. Some people try to hold their pet in a cage or a small box until he starts to do his business in the designated area, but this never fails to make them upset and frightened. If you are consistent with your training, however, you should be able to get your pet to do his business where you want him to.


You can also house train your pet rats by changing the type of litter box that they use. Most rats prefer to have their boxes placed in a quiet and dark place away from other animals and people, so placing it in the middle of the room or in the garage may be enough for now. The most effective method is to put a very dirty litter box into the cage with your pet and let him spend the night there. It is important that you do not change the type of litter box until after he has had a chance to eliminate it several times. After a while, it would become easier to tell when your rat needs to have a clean litter box.

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